Greek mythology encompasses the beliefs and rituals of Classical Greece.It had a following for over three thousand years until the establishment of Christianity and Islam.Unlike many ancient religions, the ancient Greeks passed on most of their mythology by telling stories about cult and ritual practices, gods, heroes, and the nature of the world. "Greek Mythology." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Time itself had mythological explanations: Helios’ seven herds of 350 cattle correlate to the days of the year, Selene’s 50 daughters are the weeks, and Helios’ twelve daughters the hours. Achilles. Acheron. Gilded Bronze Herculesby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Greek mythology is known today primarily from Greek literature and representations on visual media dating from the Geometric period from c. 900–800 BC onward. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. https://www.ancient.eu/Greek_Mythology/. A free illustrated encyclopedia of Greek Mythology. Homer (Iliad, Book I, line 396) says the gods called him … License. Finally, myths were used to re-tell historical events so that people could maintain contact with their ancestors, the wars they fought, and the places they explored. ANTEROS The Greek god of unrequited love who was armed with a bow and arrows of lead. All text and images on this site are copyright 1993-2020 Mythweb. In partnership with Excel Education. ANTHEDON A nymph of Boeotia … Greek Mythology. The immortals include gods (deities), spirits and giants.Being immortal means that they live forever.The mortals include heroes, kings, Amazons and other people. A further mythological explanation of the seemingly random nature of life is the blind god Pluto who randomly distributes wealth. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 29 Jul 2012. Hesiod’s Theogony gives a genealogy of the gods, and his Works and Days describes the creation of man. The Olympian gods led by Zeus twice defeated the sources of chaos represented by the Titans and the Giants. Roman MythologyRoman Mythology in ContextFrom the founding of the Roman empire to its fall in 476 ce, Rome dominated Europe and much of North Africa, the Near East, and Asia Minor. In contrast, many mythological figures represent qualities to be avoided and their sad tales illustrate the dangers of bad behaviour. These figures inhabited a realm that stretched beyond the Greek landscape to the palaces of the gods on snow-capped Mount Olympus, as well as to the dismal underworld. The term Greek mythology refers to the collection of tales belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their pantheon of gods as well as their heroes, which outline … Greek mythology also includes a number of monsters and strange creatures such as the one-eyed Cyclops in the Odysseus story, a gigantic boar in the fabled Kalydonian hunt, sphinxes, giant snakes, fire-breathing bulls and more. Critical Greeks, such as Plato in the 5th-4th century, recognized the considerable element of fiction in the myths, although in general the Greeks viewed them as true accounts. Books Real world location: San Francisco, California, USA. In the 5th century BCE the myths were presented in the new format of theatre, especially in the works of the three tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. Written by Annette Giesecke, PhD, Professor of Classics and Chair of Ancient Greek and Roman Studies at the University of Delaware, this brilliant reference offers clear explanations of every character and locale, and captures the essence of these timeless tales. The origin of other skills such as medicine and music are also explained as ‘divine’ gifts, for example, Apollo passing on to his son Asklepios medicinal knowledge for man’s benefit. Similar to Aztec Mythology and Japanese Mythology, the myths appear to be very much real. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Greek_Mythology/. Other nymphs were part of the retinue of a god (such as Dionysus, Hermes, or Pan) or of a goddess (generally the huntress Artemis). Ancient History Encyclopedia. Click letters to navigate: A. Achaia. They pursue fantastic adventures and epitomise ideal qualities such as perseverance e.g., Hercules’ twelve labours, or fidelity e.g., Penelope waiting faithfully for Odysseus’ return. This of course allows for the possibility that with each re-telling of a particular myth, it is embellished and improved upon to increase audience interest or incorporate local events and prejudices. Greek mythology has a vast range of tales involving heroes and gods, monsters and beasts, and nymphs, giants and kings. The science behind the myth: Homer's "Odyssey" - Matt Kaplan, The scientific origins of the Minotaur - Matt Kaplan, Everything you need to know to read Homer's "Odyssey" - Jill Dash, The myth of Icarus and Daedalus - Amy Adkins, The myth of Cupid and Psyche - Brendan Pelsue, The myth of Prometheus - Iseult Gillespie, The myth of King Midas and his golden touch - Iseult Gillespie, 10 Creatures From Greek Mythology â€“ Ancient History et cetera, Did the Amazons really exist? The Greek trinity and the distribution of the three kingdoms of the Earth: Zeus God (Heaven), Poseidon (Seas and oceans) and Hades (Underworld). Briareus, also called Aegaeon, in Greek mythology, one of three 100-armed, 50-headed Hecatoncheires (from the Greek words for “hundred” and “hands”), the sons of the deities Uranus (Heaven) and Gaea (Earth). Broadly speaking, the imaginative Greeks created myths to explain just about every element of the human condition. These creatures may represent chaos and lack of reason, for example, the centaurs - half-man and half-horse. Cartwright, M. (2012, July 29). Indeed, the view that events are not human’s to decide is further evidenced by the specific gods of Fate and Destiny. The heroes and events such as the Trojan War also represented a past golden age when men were greater and life was easier. Perhaps unfamiliar experiences were also explained in myth, for example, one can imagine that a Greek visiting King Minos’ sophisticated and many-roomed palace at Knossos might have thought it a labyrinth, and the worship there of bulls and the sport of bull-leaping might be the source of the Minotaur - is it coincidence it was killed by the visiting Athenian, Theseus? In time, Greek mythologybecame part of European culture, and many of its stories became known throughout the world. Greek 32; Norse 18; Celtic 21; Roman 15; Chinese 38; Japanese 22; Egyptian 14; Aztec 12; Catalog of Mythologies. 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