With over the 48 billion barrels of oil reserves on its territory, Libya’s civil war around oil wealth also contributed to the present-day civil war, involving ISIS and other military groups scattered around the country. The largest country in Africa by area is Algeria with 2,381,740 sq. km. Sudan was, with an area of 2,505,813km², formerly the largest country in Africa, until South Sudan formally split from it in 2011. … The 10th-largest nation on the planet is also the biggest country in Africa. In fact, Africa is the second largest continent in the world preceded by Asia. Top 100 largest countries by area. Algeria exports large quantities of natural gas to Europe due to its massive reservoirs of gas and oil. The French-claimed Congo received independence soon after, on August 15. List of countries (or dependencies) in Africa ranked by population, from the most populated. It is one of the largest densities in Africa and the world. Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division. But despite that, it is a bustling hub for trade in the world, being rich in oil, growing fruits and crops for export, and with emerging business centers. Africa’s total area is 30.3 million km² (11.7 million mi²) split across 54 countries. Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. Although pyramids are often associated with Egypt, Sudan, with over 200 of the ancient structures, is the land with the most pyramids in the world. Approximately 90% of Algeria is desert. Below is a list of all countries in Africa, in order of geographical area. In reality, Africa is a group of countries that have dealt with years or even centuries of colonial rule, the effects of which some countries do still struggle to overcome. It has an area of 2,381,741 km² though eighty per cent of this area is covered by the Sahara desert. He was finally placed under arrest after a military coup in 2019 for his crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the genocide in Darfur, and his trial began in July 2020. Premarital sex and drinking in Sudan are punishable by whipping, theft by amputation, and homosexuality by death, but more commonly the accused are whipped. Top 10 Largest Countries in Africa by Area - Duration: 3:17. This is a list of countries by total area. Despite concentrating countless natural wealth, the African continent is one of the poorest in the world. Algeria is the largest African country by land area, but only 12% of it is populated. Since the divide of Sudan, Algeria is the largest country in Africa by area and the tenth largest country in the world. Covering the land area of 1,759,540 sq. Since Islam is the main religion in Algeria, alcohol is absent from the majority of the stores, and often goes unlisted on the menus even if it is available. Burundi (25,680 km) Burundi is located in Central Africa, and is one of the poorest countries in Africa with an income of just $818 per person per year (in purchasing power). Comoros, Madagascar, and Mauritius are some of the island nations of Africa located in the Indian Ocean near Seychelles. Nigeria has the largest population in Africa. Algeria is right next after Sudan while the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) is the third largest country in Africa. The Seychelles is an archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean and a major tourist destination. There are many stereotypes associated with Africa, including it being nothing but jungle and tribes, or warring nations with genocide, or where the children are always hungry. This is still an improvement over its 30% unemployment rate in 2004 in this nation that was once an Italian colony. Remarkably, it features the lowest unemployment rate out of the countries on this list, at 2%, speaking volumes for its nationals, who work mostly in agriculture, growing cotton in the south, and raising cattle in the central regions. It is the tenth largest country in the world. Largest Country in Africa By Area and Land Size Before June 2011 Among the list of largest countries in Africa before June 2011, Sudan is right at the number one spot with an area of 2,505,813 sqkm.