Species. Its fruit is like a berry, about ½ inch long, and is yellow when young (turning red when mature), dry and mealy, but sweet and edible. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive berry) and Elaeagnus multiflora (goumi berry) are also in this family. ?. Introduction Patrick Breen, (a) A tree ({Olea Europ[ae]a}) with small oblong or elliptical leaves, axillary clusters of flowers, and oval, one seeded drupes. A large deciduous shrub to 7m (22 ft) high with silvery foliage; vigorous and a nitrogen-fixer which benefits the surrounding plants. 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: entire Leaf shape: oblong, lanceolate Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous Leaf blade length: less than 2 inches, 2 to 4 inches Modern societies tend to use herbs or traditional medicine because of fewer side effects than synthetic drugs. In Greece, it is sweetish-acid and mealy when ripe. Elaeagnus angustifolia: Russian Olive 2 Spread: 15 to 20 feet Crown uniformity: irregular Crown shape: spreading, oval Crown density: open Growth rate: fast Texture: fine Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Leaves alternate, simple, oblong to linear-laceaolate (willow-like), 2.5-7.5 cm long and 1-1.5 cm wide, margin entire, dull green above and silvery below. Hedge. Elaeagnus triflora extends from Asia south into northeastern Australia, while E. commutata is native to North America, and Elaeagnus philippinensis is native to the Philippines. The branches are flexible, pubescent (grey and scaly) and often have a short thorn at the end. They resemble olives are 1/2" silver in late summer turning red in the fall from August-October. L'Elaeagnus multiflora, plus connu sous le nom de Goumi du Japon, fait partie de la tribu des chalefs d'origine asiatique à feuillage généralement caduc et à fructification comestible, fréquemment consommée.Il s'agit d'un petit arbre robuste, doté d'un port ample, d'une végétation luxuriante et d'une floraison printanière agréablement parfumée. The Elaeagnus angustifolia is a long lived tree (80-100years) which grows rapidly up to 10m in height and 30cm in diameter and start to fruit after 5-6 years [4]. Materials and Methods Hardy to USDA Zone 2       Native to southern Europe and western and central Asia. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It can fix Nitrogen. To 610 feet high and wide. Red fruit makes good jelly. Hybrid derived from Elaeagnus pungens. 2020 Jan 10;246:112229. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.112229. Small, fragrant spring flowers followed by bright orange-red, inches-long berries on 1 inches stalks; fruit is edible but tart, loved by birds. Epub 2019 Sep 9. leaves and fruit. There is evidence supporting beneficial effects of aqueous extract of Persian olive in reducing the symptoms of osteoarthritis with an efficacy comparable to that of acetaminophen and ibuprofen. buds and thorns. Olive Ol ive, n. [F., fr. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Synonyms: E. hortensis Bieb. ... Silverberry (Eleagnus x ebbingei) - the first ripe fruit in Germany (February-May) - Duration: 5:50. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, Persian olive, or wild olive, or commonly referred to as senjid or sinjid in Afghanistan and senjed in Iran, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Afghanistan, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey and Iran. Middle-aged Russian-Olive. As a tree, it typically grows 12-20’ tall. In the present study, the effects of E. angustifolia fruit extract on the acute and chronic phases of formalin-induced rat paw edema were examined. leaves and flowers. In this study, the effects of aqueous extracts of three parts of this fruit (pericarp, medulla and seed) on chronic pain were investigated in mice. One of the Asian species, E. angustifolia, may also be native in southeasternmost Europe, though it may instead be an early human introduction there. $3.79. Control Recommendations Foliar Spray: FS-1 oleaster. They are occasionally thorny and covered with scales. Russian olive, Russian olive, oleaster. It, too, has gray leaves, but it’s too large and erratic for most urban landscapes. Angustifolia means narrow-leaved. According to Vines [ 191 ] and Weber and Wittman [ 197 ], several varieties of Russian-olive are known in cultivation, and differ primarily in leaf size and shape [ 191 ]. (1 cm) long, are yellow and almost completely covered by densely silver scales. The Silverthorn is also closely related to the Autumn Olive and Russian Olive, both of which have edible fruit as well (E. umbellata, E. Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. Russian olive. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive is native to Europe and Asia and is a riparian tree in the Elaeagnaceae family. It is in leaf all year, in flower from October to January, and the seeds ripen from April to May. (1 cm) long, are yellow and almost completely covered by densely silver scales. angustifolia.) It has been widely planted in North America as both a windbreak and an ornamental. The fruit are 0.4 in. Muscle relaxant effect of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) fruit seeds was studied in mice using traction test. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. The Silverthorn, Elaeagnus pungens, came from China and Japan to North America some 200 years ago in the early 1800’s. Not a true olive, it is a native of Asia, and its large, speckled, yellow or reddish-brown berries appeal only marginally to birds and small mammals. 1. The fruit contain one large seed that can be up to 0.4 in. The Elaeagnus angustifolia is a long lived tree (80-100years) which grows rapidly up to 10m in height and 30cm in diameter and start to fruit after 5-6 years [4]. The fruit can also be made into jellies or sherbets. Elaeagnus angustifolia . Leaves are 12 inches long, silvery green above, silvery brown below. The fruit is commonly sold in the markets of Constantinople. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. Elaeagnus angustifolia – Oleaster (southern Europe, central Asia) Habit: Asymmetrical large shrub or small tree, 6-8 m tall, 4-6 m wide; crooked stem; branches steeply or vertically upright; the thorny twigs are more spread out, some arching; medium to fast-growing. Epub 2019 Sep 9. Fruit is edible, and is sometimes used for making preserves. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. fruit is a rich source of both several nutrients and antioxidant compounds. E. angustifolia. Buy It Now +$4.60 shipping. It is noted for producing edible bright red berry-like fruits (reminiscent of small cherries) in summer. The effects of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. whole fruit on the sex hormone profile in menopausal women: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study J Ethnopharmacol. The oval fruit is about 10mm long and contains a single large seed. Elaeagnus growing in pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. Flowers small, 1 cm long, perfect, silvery on the outside, yellow inside, calyx tube campanulate. Scientific Name: Elaeagnus L. (Elaeagnaceae) angustifolia L. Related Plants ... Dirr, Michael A. Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs. Elaeagnus angustifolia Figure 1. The bark is brown, thin with shallow fissures, peeling in long strips. In Iran, the dried powder of the fruit is used mixed with milk for rheumatoid arthritis and joint pains. (1997) p 142-43 Parts Shown: Flower, Fruit, Habit, Leaf Photo. Can spread by root suckers and self seeding. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive or oleaster is native to Europe and Asia. 1. Dry, sweet and mealy. 2020 Jan 10;246:112229. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.112229. See {Oil}.] Elaeagnus was explored and human health-related nutrients identified.Results and discussion. Elaeagnus Herb The leaves and the stems are concocted and used in the treatment of asthma, cough, diarrhoea, haemorrhoids; the root is astringent and is applied to sores or itchy skin. The young branches are silvery while the older branches are brown. Description Top of page. Species of Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit has a variety of medicinal uses. Fruit - raw or cooked as a seasoning in soups. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is … Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (oleaster, Russian olive, Wild olive) belongs to the genus Elaeagnus of... 2. The extensive geographical range of oleaster from the Mediterranean to northern Russia with wide variety of environmental conditions indicates its high adaptability. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, and parts of Pakistan.It is now also widely established in North America as an introduced species. Fragrant apetalous flowers with four lobed calyces appear in clusters of 1-3 in leaf axils near the base of new shoots in late spring. Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. Russian olive, Oleaster. Its stems, buds, and leaves have a dense covering of silvery to rusty scales. 1). Fruit Description: Achene but appears drupe-like because of a fleshy outer hypanthium. The effects of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. whole fruit on the sex hormone profile in menopausal women: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. It responds well to clipping and can be grown much shorter as a hedge. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. There are several other species and varieties of elaeagnus, all much less common than this standard one. The fruit are 0.4 in. Although relatively tame in the St. Louis climate, Russian olive has aggressively naturalized in many parts of the West, particularly in watersheads and marshlands of the Great Plains where it has self-seeded and spread along rivers and wetland areas, crowding out native plants such as cottonwoods and willows, to the point where it is now being considered a noxious weed.The genus name Elaeagnus comes from the Greek words elaia meaning "olive tree" and agnos meaning "chaste" or "pure".Specific epithet means having narrow leaves. Canker and verticillium wilt are serious problems in some areas. The fruit must be fully ripe before it can be enjoyed raw, if even slightly under-ripe it will be quite astringent. This plant is listed as a noxious weed in one or more Midwestern states outside Missouri and should not be moved or grown under conditions that would involve danger of dissemination. Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit commonly called Wild olive, Silverberry, Russian olive, or oleaster is a species of Elaeagnus native to Iran (commonly called Senjed), western and central Asia . However, it is now widely distributed in North America and has become naturalized in many areas, including eastern Oregon (see below). Elaeagnus angustifolia – Oleaster (southern Europe, central Asia) Habit: Asymmetrical large shrub or small tree, 6-8 m tall, 4-6 m wide; crooked stem; branches steeply or vertically upright; the thorny twigs are more spread out, some arching; medium to fast-growing. plant habit. The fruit matures from August to … Best in light, sandy loams in full sun. ; ... A kind of sherbet is made from the fruit in the Orient. Elaeagnus: a Greek name originally applied to a willow, from helodes, growing in marshes, and hagnos, pure, referring to the white fruit masses of the willow. Leaves and branchlets with only silvery scales; expanded floral tube (i.e., beyond the constriction around the ovary) less than twice as long as the lobes; fruiting pedicels not conspicuously expanded distally, clearly shorter than the fruit. Introduction. Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit commonly called Wild olive, Silverberry, Russian olive, or oleaster is a species of Elaeagnus native to Iran (commonly called Senjed), western and central Asia . (Bot.) Sun, drought and cold resistant, prefers alkaline soils, few pests. Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit as a popular plant in Iranian ..... dissertation). Screen or Barrier. Description. The fruit has a seed which could be used to grow seedlings. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Variegata has leaves variegated with gold, yellow, and cream; its berries are red. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Gilt Edge has striking yellow leaf margins. Russian-Olive1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Russian-Olive grows in an open, somewhat irregular globe shape 15 to 20 feet tall and wide (occasionally larger) and has silvery gray-colored foliage (Fig. angustifolia: narrow leaved. PLANTS Characteristics Data Fields and Definitions for more than 100 Characteristics 1. From Portugal. It’s an ornamental landscape plant often used for hedges and barriers. E. angustifolia. Elaeagnus multiflora, commonly called goumi or gumi, is a deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub that typically grows in a rounded form to 6-10' tall. Trees of the Southeastern United States. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from September to October. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. Leaves and branchlets with only silvery scales; expanded floral tube (i.e., beyond the constriction around the ovary) less than twice as long as the lobes; fruiting pedicels not conspicuously expanded distally, clearly shorter than the fruit. From a variety of traditional medicinal applications to its novel roles as active antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic and analgesic agent 1. Deciduous shrub/tree, 15-20(40)ft [4.5-6(12) m] rounded outline, young branches silvery, stems sometimes thorny. Russian Olive - Elaeagnus angustifolia - €10 per plant Oleaster with its silvery foliage,stems and yellow fruits in October makes a very attractive plant. Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. Elaeagnus angustifolia can tolerate a wide range of harsh environmental conditions such as flood, severe drought, stony, sandy and … It is noted for attracting wildlife. Therefore, we recommend a container with a drainage hole(s), and a quality potting soil … Propagation by cuttings also very common. It is also one of the seven items which are used in Haft Seen or the seven 'S's which is a traditional table setting of Nowruz, the traditional Persian spring celebration. 1. More upright (to 1012 feet high and wide) than its parent, with thornless branches. Effect of oral systemic elaeagnus angustifolia l fruit on stimulated gastric acid secretion in unconscious rat and on basal acid secretion in conscious rat. Foliage The leaves are simple, alternate and lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. (1 cm) long within. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Fruit drupe-like, 15 mm long, yellow with silvery scales. The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. The tree has been cultivated for its fruit… Accent in shrub border. Elaeagnus angustifolia. Fungal leaf spot and rust may also occur. Seed - … It abounds in a dry, mealy, saccharine substance which is sweet and pleasant. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft) at a medium rate. The wild olive is a tree mainly cultivated for its fruit, which, in general, is acid and eatable. E. angustifolia fruits are used traditionally for treatment of osteoarthritis. Background plant. Watch; P S p N o n s o E r e d 1 9 J O S 9 T K. Gum Seeds Elaeagnus multiflora Exotic Fruit 3 seeds S0742 Gardener's dream. Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is drought-resistant. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, 4–9 cm (1 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) long and 1–2.5 cm (3⁄8–1 in) broad, with a smooth margin. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Twigs are occasionally thorny. The rank-growing windbreak tree called Russian olive is actually an elaeagnus (E. angustifolia). Elaeagnus angustifolia can tolerate a wide range of harsh environmental conditions such as flood, severe drought, stony, sandy and high salinity or alkalinity of the soils [5]. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a usually thorny shrub or small tree growing to 5–7 metres (16–23 ft) in height. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a shrub or small tree that can grow to 35 ft. (10 m) tall. Branches and trunk are covered with exfoliating brown bark that is attractive in winter. From Ukraine. In the present study, the effects of E. angustifolia fruit extract on the acute and chronic phases of formalin-induced rat paw edema were examined. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. from the family Elaeagnaceae, commonly known as oleaster, Russian olive, wild olive or silver berry, is used as a food ingredient or herbal remedy for its reputed medicinal properties. Flowers are followed in fall by an often abundant crop of berry-like, silver-scaled fruit resembling olives, hence the common name. Tiny, fragrant, silvery owers in fall. Narrow, willow-like leaves (to 2” long) are dark green above and silvery beneath. The currently accepted name for Russian-olive is Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) [46,51,74,87,93,94,98,107,161,194,197,198]. Flowers are silvery white outside and yellowish inside. This is a vigorous, fast-growing plant that tolerates a wide variety of soils including both poor dry soils and wet heavy clays. ... (10 m) in height with single or multiple boles, many long narrow leaves, and many yellow fruit covered with minute silvery scales. (1988) p 177(209) Parts Shown: Leaf Photo. It can fix Nitrogen. I have grown plants from seeds. RUSSIAN OLIVE (Elaeagnus angustifolia) - Duration: 2:07. L. oliva, akin to Gr. $3.58. E. angustifolia fruits are used traditionally for treatment of osteoarthritis. Species of Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit has a variety of medicinal uses. The role of Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit as an analgesic agent in acute pain has been proved earlier. Click image to enlarge. Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is … Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Common Names. In fact, it has shown promise to be developed as a functional food owing to its richness in antioxidants phenolics The fruit contain one large seed that can be up to 0.4 in. Leaves are 24 inches long; they are silvery on both sides when young, later dark green above and silvery beneath. 1. There are four randomized double clinical trials on the efficacy of E. angustifolia... DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.04.051 autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) • Widespread invasive shrub or small tree • Blooms late May, fruits September - November • Fruit round to oval, 0.25”, red to pink (occasionally orange), soft, juicy, covered in silvery scales • Leaves silvery below • Flowers cream colored, fragrant. It is a small, usually thorny, deciduous tree or large shrub that is typically grown for its silvery foliage, small fragrant yellow flowers, olive-like fruit and ease of cultivation. Elaeagnus x ebbingei is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a medium rate. Duncan, Wilbur Howard. Rare at present in the South while a widespread invasive elsewhere in the United States. E. angustifolia is a tall shrub or small tree up to 15 m tall and 100 cm in diameter, with a dense, rounded crown, olive-shaped fruit and long thorns. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive or oleaster is native to Europe and Asia. Beskrivning. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. (1 cm) long within. Fruit is also attractive to wildlife. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. It is a small, usually thorny, deciduous tree or large shrub that is typically grown for its silvery foliage, small fragrant yellow flowers, olive-like fruit and ease of cultivation. canopy. Also tolerates wind, summer heat and saline conditions. 1. Background: The Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit has been traditionally used in Iranian herbal medicine to treat diarrhea and rheumatoid arthritis. leaves, late fall. Beskrivning. The fruit must be fully ripe before it can be enjoyed raw; if even slightly under-ripe it will be quite astringent. Background: The Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit has been traditionally used in Iranian herbal medicine to treat diarrhea and rheumatoid arthritis. Where is this species invasive in the US. The aqueous and ethanolic extracts (i.p) induced a muscle relaxant effect in a dose dependent manner as effective as diazepam (1 mg/kg). Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit as a popular plant in Iranian ..... dissertation). General Information Scientific name: Elaeagnus angustifoliaPronunciation: eel-ee-AG-nus an-gus-tih-FOLE-ee-uhCommon name(s): Russian olive, oleasterFamily: ElaeagnaceaeUSDA hardiness zones: 3A through 8B (Fig. Not a true olive, it is a native of Asia, and its large, speckled, yellow or reddish-brown berries appeal only marginally to birds and small mammals. Performs poorly in humid summer climates, however, and is not recommended for planting in the deep South (south of USDA Zone 7). Elaeagnus Angustifolia Seeds, Russian Olives, Silverberry - 200 Seeds. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive is native to Europe and Asia and is a riparian tree in the Elaeagnaceae family. flowers. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive berry) and Elaeagnus multiflora (goumi berry) are also in this family. There are four randomized double clinical trials on the efficacy of E. angustifolia... DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.04.051 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.04.051 The tiny oblong fruit of genus Elaeagnus with red flesh and pericarp speckled with gold and silvery spots have been found to be edible. Elaeagnus angustifolia NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Bloom Description: Silver-white (outside) and yellow (inside). J Ethnopharmacol.