Metaphysics, branch of philosophy whose topics in antiquity and the Middle Ages were the first causes of things and the nature of being. Plato presented his philosophy of education in his book titled ‘The Republic’ (p. 197-205). Cosmology deals with the origins of the universe. Do people have choice or is their behavior determined by their environment? Applied to the metaphysics of education, this theory emphasizes the internal perspective of the student as opposed to a strict teaching of external, objective information. Alexander Eliot has been a professional writer since 2006. This includes the way knowledge is acquired, as well as the thoroughness and limitations of knowledge. A internalist instructor emphasizes class discussion, group collaboration, and student autonomy in learning. Philosophy formulates the method, education its process. However, even in the latter case it may be thought of as part of the discipline, just as metaphilosophy i… In other words, education is the dynamic side of philosophy, or application of the fundamental principles of philosophy. Educational philosophy: • An educational philosophy is a personal statement of a teacher's guiding principles about "big picture" education-related issues, such as how student learning and potential are most effectively maximized, as well as the role of educators in the classroom, school, community, and society. Metaphysics attempts to find unity across the domains of experience and thought. ( Log Out /  In contrast, idealism argues that knowledge is formed internally by innate properties of the human mind. Areas of metaphysical studies include ontology, cosmology, and often, epistemology. Within epistemology are numerous schools of thought that appeal to both the internalist and externalist approaches to knowledge. When these two sides meet they cannot agree because they have different assumptions or beliefs about origins and interpret what they see based on these beliefs. There are at least four sub-branches of metaphysics  that attempt to address the question of the nature of reality. It includes scholarly control, individualized guidance, innovativeness, inspiration, a valuation for the tasteful, thinking, self-imaging and stresses the most extreme use of naturalpotential for every single student. The term is used to describe both fundamental philosophical analysis of these themes and the description or analysis of particular pedagogical approaches. The beliefs an  individual has about cosmology affects other aspects of their life, education, and how they interpret what they experience. Internalism is the view in which knowledge is seen to be created within the internal, psychological state of the student. In terms of education, students are generally taught that man is inherently good but  may be corrupted by his environment and culture. Which raises a questionis there any common feature that unites the problems of contemporary metaphysics? Each man’s soul had a Rationalism is a third epistemological school of thought that combines properties from both the empiricist and idealist schools and adds the concept of abstraction as a third property of knowledge. Branches of Philosophy. As science delves deeply into the true nature of matter, it finds that all matter is in fact "non-physical" - made up of energy and information that manifests out of an infinite sea of probabilities. An externalist approach to education focuses on presenting students with information. Externalist sentiments are common in fields of study such as mathematics and science, in which numerical objectivity and empirical experimentation are used to develop the student's knowledge of the subject. Metaphysics is the foundation of philosophy. The important thing to remember is that metaphysics deals with the question of what is reality and that different people answer this question i different ways. In contrast, an internalist approach to education focuses on a more subjective development of knowledge. Education is the basic human need, and essential for a decent living and moral life. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Meta-analysis. The Christian philosophy view of metaphysics is clearly spelled out in Scripture: “In the beginning [of the cosmos] was the Word [Logos, mind, reason, thought, wisdom, intelligence, idea, law, order, purpose, design], and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. For example, the Progressive movement led to quite different approaches in education in the 1930s. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Philosophy of education is that branch of philosophy that addresses philosophical questions concerning the nature, aims, and problems of education. Lastly, anthropology addresses the question of the freedom people have. In the West, the spiritual aspect of man is not acknowledged in education due in part to the focus on science. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The ultimate question is who is responsible for the actions that people take. However, different people answer this question in different ways based on what they believe about the nature of reality and how we come to know it. This theme of education as a rediscovery of knowledge was based on a metaphysical philosophy held by Plato about man and his soul. ( Log Out /  Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. Participant observation. The philosophy of education may be either the philosophy of the process of education or the philosophy of the discipline of education. Without education the human society would be uncivilized and useless hum grouping, without any social, political, religious, and physical developments. In postmedieval philosophy, however, many other topics came to be included under the heading “metaphysics.” (The reasons for this development will be discussed in the body of the article.) However, a theist would see the same evidence in nature and be led to the conclusion that God has created a beautiful climate. It asks questions like, What is real? In the case of educational metaphysics, an externalist approach to instruction emphasizes factual, information-based learning. Metaphysics is the study of reality and the nature or character of it. ( Log Out /  4. William W. Cobern; "Worldview, Metaphysics, and Epistemology"; 1993, Arthur Cary Fleshman; "The Metaphysics of Education"; 1914, The College of Metaphysical Studies: Choosing A Metaphysical Education And Career, Space and Motion: Philosophy of Education. abstract branch of philosophy. As for philosophy's interaction with education, at least two things can be said: 1) The education of philosophy involves learning the discipline or … Atheist strongly believe there is no God. However, different people answer this question in different ways based on what they believe about the nature of reality and how we come to know it. This branch of philosophy deals primarily with what is real. Of course, techniques from both methods can be used to optimize educational effectiveness. The constructive task of philosophy is to erect a cohesive view of reality that reflects … We will look at each of these and then try to examine how metaphysics manifest itself in education. Eliot once worked for a performance auto center, an experience he draws from to write informative articles in automotive theory, maintenance and customization. This branch  of philosophy deals primarily with what is real. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. ( Log Out /  In a non-Western context, gods or polytheism is acknowledged and accepted in everyday life but traditional science and atheistic origins of the universe are generally taught in school. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. a. Metaphysics is important in the philosophy of education for three important reasons: REASON #1: Understanding how the conscious and subconscious mind operates provides insight in understanding how human learn, how to increase their capacity to learn and how to … This is related to theology in that most schools doubt the existence of God being openly atheistic in nature or may at most be agnostic in nature. These practical issues in turn have implications for a variety of long-standing philosophical problems in epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and political philosophy. This is probably one of the harder positions to understand. Metaphysics is one of the branches of the study of philosophy. The answer to this question evolves around views of the will. What is real? The study of epistemology can be applied to the metaphysics of educational instruction. Theists believe there is a God or gods and this natural affects how they view realty. Metaphysics In Education  Metaphysics: Aristotle and Plato’s Views Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that tries to answer a few questions by looking at the fundamental nature of the world What is appearance? Monotheists often believe in having a relationship with  one God in order to prepare for the reality of death in this life and the promise of living forever. The literal translation of philosophy of metaphysics would be "the love of wisdom relating to that which is beyond the physical". We shall see that the central problems of metaphysics were significantly more unified in the Ancient and Medieval eras. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. The nature vs nurture argument is an old argument about the condition of man. The Christian Philosophy of Education in K-12 Classrooms. v. t. e. The philosophy of education examines the goals, forms, methods, and meaning of education. Philosophy gives ideals, values and … An educational philosophy is a personal statement of a teacher's guiding principles about "big picture" education-related issues, such as how student learning and potential are most effectively maximized, as well as the role of educators in the classroom, school, community, and society In a pluralistic society, a variety of views are needed. Early debates on the nature of matter centered on identifying a single underlying principle (Monism): water was claimed by Thales, air by Anaximenes, Apeiron (meaning \"the undefined infinite\") by Anaximander, an… Even among theists there is disagreement over how many gods there are. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature of existence, being and the world. (Image Source: Internet) What is Metaphysics? The position a person has on God can change how they view the world. Is it the mind or the body the primary agent of behavior. in English literature from the University of Cincinnati. In the East, there is a more open view towards the spiritual nature of man. The Christian philosophy of education encompasses all areas of the educational life of students, including core subject curriculum, character building and practical living, both now and in the future. For example, an atheist scientist see nature and is awed by the random movement of natural selection to create such beauty. Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that examines the fundamental nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, between substance and attribute, and between potentiality and actuality. However, ontology deals with such ideas as whether reality is physical or spiritual, or a combination of the two. This includes the way knowledge is acquired, as well as the thoroughness and limitations of knowledge. The externalist approach therefore is based on the external presentation of learning material, while the internalist approach is based on the internal comprehension of the student. Descartes based his theory of knowledge on the belief that, in the context of human perception, the external world is created through the senses. The metaphysics of education can be understood from the various perspectives of epistemology -- a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of knowledge. Empiricism is the theory that knowledge is acquired through sensory experience. But there is always danger in one "best or only" philosophy. What is beyond the stars? The word "metaphysics" comes from two Greek words that, together, literally mean "after or behind or among [the study of] the natural". However, if there is something beyond this life and life was created with purpose this will alter a person’s behavior as they consider how they may be held accountable for their actions. For Plato, education was more of the discovery of previously acquired knowledge. Anthropology is the study of man. A middle ground along this continuum would be theistic evolution, which states that a divine being used evolution to create the world. Some treat metaphysics as the study of “higher” reality or the “invisible” nature behind everything, but instead, it's the study of all of reality, visible and invisible. In Western philosophy, metaphysics has become the study of the fundamental nature of all reality — what is it, why is it, and how are we can understand it. As such, the support primarily science as a way of understanding reality. In the East, education teaches that man is good by nature but may make mistakes. Learning encounters ou… It influences on the abilities, propensities, qualities, and frames of mind of any learner. Without an explanation or an interpretation of the world around us, we would be helpless to deal with reality. He holds a B.A. Philosophy of education is that knowledge which describes the definition and decides the definition and decides the aims, objectives and criterion of education. In terms of cosmology and theology, most schools support the idea that the world came about by chance and that life evolved from almost nothing billions of years ago. These four branches are…. The instructor emphasizes reading material, lectures, and multisensory explanations such as infographics and experimental analysis. The first three sections of this entry examine a broad selection of problems considered to be metaphysical and discuss ways in which the purview of metaphysics has expanded over time. This may seem like an obvious question with an obvious answer. See disclaimer. This can lead to a dual world view at times. Therefore, it is part of academics. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. philosophy of nature, philosophy of the soul, metaphysics rational soul in particular: the nature of the intellect, which enables human beings informed by this sort … If there is nothing there is no reason to care or do anything. Polytheists believe in many gods while monotheists believe in one God. In addressing these many issues and problems, the philosopher of education strives for conceptual clarity, argumentative rigour, and informed valuation. The metaphysics of education can be understood from the various perspectives of epistemology -- a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of knowledge. However, this is beginning to change with the emphasis on mindfulness and meditation in public education. This may seem like an obvious question with an obvious answer. Before discussing the relationship between philosophy and educationfirst we would understand and what is education and then philosophy. Pantheists believe god(s) is in everything and that they are gods. What is the origin of the world? In the definition found in most dictionaries, metaphysics is referred to as a branch of philosophy that deals with first cause and the nature of being. Metaphysics is a difficult concept to try to address and understand. Philosophy is in reality the theory of education. When philosophy of education is applied to a particular field, such as, psychology, biology, history, physical education, sociology, anthropology, economics, etc. Metaphysics is a fundamental component of philosophy that plays vital roles in human life. Metaphysics is the study of reality and the nature or character of it. It is taught as a branch of philosophy in most academic universities under the label of “Speculative Philosophy.” At the metaphysical level, there are four* broad philosophical schools of thought that apply to education today. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. That is, it may be part of the discipline in the sense of being concerned with the aims, forms, methods, or results of the process of educating or being educated; or it may be metadisciplinary in the sense of being concerned with the concepts, aims, and methods of the discipline. Ontology is the study of existence. Culture is rarely criticized in eastern education. Philosophy is an academic discipline that deals with knowledge, reality, and the existence. Follow educational research techniques on WordPress.com, Understanding Student and Teacher Abilities, Implementation Model: Overcoming-Resistance-to-Change, Approach, Method, Procedure, and Techniques In Language Learning, Discrete-Point and Integrative Language Testing Methods. Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that considers the physical universe and the nature of ultimate reality. Learn how your comment data is processed. Finally, constructivism argues that knowledge is constructed through social and traditional tendencies, and thus is relative. Externalism postulates that factors external to the human mind are conditions on which to base knowledge. The final two sections discuss some recent theories of the nature and methodology of m… In addition, Ontology addresses whether reality is orderly and stable. Multivariate statistics. His academic background allows him to write articles in all fields of education, as well as science and philosophy. The degree to which our metaphysical worldview is correct is the degree to which we are able to comprehend the world, and act accordingly. We could not feed ourselves, or act to preserve our lives. There are three major branches of philosophy. In terms of ontology and anthropology, the views on ontology vary by culture in education. As a branch of philosophy, Metaphysics aims at understanding the essence of the “being.”Metaphysics seeks to understand the first cause of life, the reason for existence, and the ultimate nature of … Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. They are idealism, realism, pragmatism (sometimes called experientialism), and existentialism. By seeking to understand the reality of every phenomenon or existence in life, metaphysics is responsible for triggering an inquisitive mind in people. For example, an externalist would argue an appeal to factual information about the external world is necessary to justify what is considered internal knowledge. Therefore, the philosophy of metaphysics could be defined as "the love of wisdom … It’s the branch that deals with the “first principles” of existence The study of epistemology can be applied to the metaphysics of educational instruction. How people answer these questions depends in part on their beliefs about cosmology, ontology, anthropology, and theology. Other questions include examining whether people or good or evil or morally neutral. Polytheists tend to have a contractual quid pro quo relationship with many different gods in order to do better in this world now and smooth the transition to living another life via some form of reincarnation. Arguably, metaphysics is the foundation of philosophy: Aristotle calls it \"first philosophy\" (or sometimes just \"wisdom\"), and says it is the subject that deals with \"first causes and the principles of things\". The inward/outward looking nature of the field of philosophy ofeducation alluded to above makes the task of delineating the field, ofgiving an over-all picture of the intellectual landscape, somewhatcomplicated (for a detailed account of this topography, see Phillips1985, 2010). Describe your own educational philosophy in terms of its metaphysics, epistemology, axiology, and logic I agree with John Dewey, whose values and axiology supported the Left in politics who wanted the U.S. to become a social democracy and move away from more traditional conservative ideas. Theology is the study of the nature of God and plays a profound role at least indirectly in all philosophy. Some questions that anthropology focuses on in particular is the relationship between the mind and the body. The … Education must be an activity-situated involvement in which the youngster can satisfy inborn potential. The main views of the origins of the universe can be seen as a continuum from the universe was created or design by God or the other extreme that everything about the universe has happened by accident as is commonly viewed by evolution. And ultimately what is the nature of reality? © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Metaphysics then is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of being. An example of the internalist approach to knowledge is seen in the method of René Descartes. Change ). Metaphysics translates into over and beyond (meta-) the knowledge of nature (-physika).Metaphysics deals with the philosophy of reality. Metaphysics explains the fundamental nature of being. Each will be explained shortly. The critical task of philosophy is to ask questions about the nature of being, or ultimate reality. Metaphysics manifest itself in many ways in education. People’s beliefs about being can impact how the approach life.