They settled here relatively peacefully until the beautiful Caribbean island saw its first European visitor - the Spaniards, in 1494. The 1962 Constitution of Jamaica established a parliamentary system whose political and legal traditions closely follow those of the United Kingdom. The south coast of Jamaica was the most populated, especially around the area now known as Old Harbour. Learn more about the Secretariat's climate change work; Blue Charter. Your Government. In 1994, the Government of Jamaica and the World Bank signed a contract for the funding of a six-year project aimed at radically overhauling the tax administration. Politics in Jamaica takes place in the framework of a representative parliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy.The 1962 Constitution of Jamaica established a parliamentary system whose political and legal traditions closely follow those of the United Kingdom. Jamaica used the Commonwealth’s Climate Finance Access Hub to access money from international projects and funds to help it tackle climate change. Jamaica, W.I, Tel: Jamaica is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state. The nation has also grappled with high levels of crime, poverty, and unemployment. The Island Secretary’s Office was dismantled in 1879 and some of its functions transferred to the Island Records Office (IRO) in Spanish Town under the Records Law of that year. Politics in Jamaica takes place in the framework of a representative parliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy. …, The Most Honourable Andrew Michael Holness was first elected as Member of Parliament (MP) to represent the Constituency of West Central St. Andrew in 1997, at the age of 25. Its legal system is based on English Common Law. The first inhabitants of Jamaica were the Arawaks from South America. Jamaica has successfully concluded its economic reform program, which was supported by a US$1.66 billion Stand-By Arrangement from the IMF. The concept of Caribbean unity was soon abandoned in 1961 when Jamaicans voted against the Federation of the West Indies. Read our, Get the Facts: NHT Benefits for Disabled Persons, Get the Facts – Coronavirus and the New Academic Year, Do’s and Don’ts in Communicating with the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, Back to School Health Tips: Properly Wash Your Hands. When Christopher Columbus arrived in 1494, there were more than 200 villages ruled by caciques (chiefs of villages). He claimed Jamaica for Spain, and the first Spanish settlement was established in 1509 and was named Sevilla. The island’s 63 constituencies are subdivided into 227 electoral divisions, each of which is represented by a Parish Councillor for Local Government. The United States established diplomatic relations with Jamaica in 1962 following Jamaica’s independence from the United Kingdom. 2007. Previous Next. The Taino indigenous people, originating in South America, settled on the island between 4000 and 1000 BC. Beginning in 1510, Spain began to inhabit the area and by that time, the Arawaks began to die off due to disease and war that came with the European settlers. User Types. It lies 630 kilometres north-east of mainland Central America. Stock Photos from Photos.com, iStockPhotos.com, 123rf. Visitors to Jamaica may be tested on arrival and/or if they seek medical care. Key facts. The national capital is Kingston. The island is divided into three counties: Cornwall, Middlesex and Surrey. 1. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the Caribbean (after Cuba and Hispaniola). On August 6, 1962, Jamaica was granted its independence from England. They settled here relatively peacefully until the beautiful Caribbean island saw its first European visitor - the Spaniards, in 1494. What Are The Damages That A Hurricane Can Cause? Jamaica is the fourth largest island country in the Caribbean by area. Jamaica is a mountainous island in the Caribbean Sea about 600 miles (965 kilometers) south of Miami, Florida. It does so through the umbrella Ministry of Local Government and Community Development, which dispenses its function through four agencies and 14 local authorities: 1. Since 1962, Jamaica is an independent nation in the British Commonwealth. Resident . It was introduced by the Governor Sir Thomas Modyford between 1662 and 1663. Jamaica - Jamaica - Government and society: Under the Jamaica (Constitution) Order in Council of 1962, by which the island achieved independence from the United Kingdom, Jamaica is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. At present there are three main political parties: The People’s National Party (PNP), the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) and the National Democratic Movement (NDM). On independence in 1962 Bustamante was prime minister. Jamaica, island country of the West Indies. History and Government of Jamaica. Jamaica : History. For treatments of the island in its regional context, see West Indies and history of Latin America. The Queen of Jamaica and head of state is Elizabeth II. When Christopher Columbus arrived in 1494, there were more than 200 villages ruled by caciques (chiefs of villages). Jamaica used the Commonwealth’s Climate Finance Access Hub to access money from international projects and funds to help it tackle climate change. Join our newsletter to get the latest articles, news, & videos. Jamaica’s economic freedom score is 68.5, making its economy the 49th freest in the 2020 Index. Outlines the rights of citizens and the structure of the government. "facts about jamaica & jamaicans" "facts about jamaica & jamaicans" "facts about jamaica & jamaicans" "facts about jamaica & jamaicans" What is local government? History of Jamaica. ... From that time until 1962, Cayman was linked to Jamaica as a dependency. Jamaica is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Jamaica’s economic freedom score is 68.5, making its economy the 49th freest in the 2020 Index. In 1962, Jamaica chose to become independent, but the Cayman Islands decided to remain a British colony. With bauxite in demand, tourism flourishing and a revival in bananas, Jamaica’s economy boomed. In 1494, Christopher Columbus was the first European to reach and explore the island. Devon House. Pre-Columbian History. 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