24. Who preferred to call Classical Conditioning” by the name of “Sign Learning”? This is due to: 60. Who told, “Although Classical Conditioning is a laboratory procedure, it is easy to find real world examples.”? According to E. C. Tolman, there are two aversions: fright and pugnacity. (a) 42. Aversion is one of the conditioning procedures used in: 6. (a) 36. (a) 95. 61. (a) 62. ... a. negative reinforcement b. differential reinforcement c. positive reinforcement d. operant conditioning. (d) 35. (a) 55. As a result of the attention from the other students, Derek draws an obnoxious picture on the blackboard for the rest of the week. What is the Difference between "Tax" and "Fine"? In the system of programmed learning, the learner becomes: (a) An active agent in acquiring the acquisi­tion, (b) A passive agent in acquiring the acquisi­tion, (c) A neutral age in acquiring the acquisition, (d) Instrumental in acquiring the acquisition, (b) Is not helpful in the socialization of the child, (c) Is not helpful in classroom situation. In Operant Conditioning, the specific object or event that influences a behavior is the: On the first day of class, Derek draws an obnoxious picture on the blackboard and the entire class laughs. Working with monkeys, Harlow (1949) propounded that the general transfer effect from one situation to another may be accounted for by the concept of: (a) “Learning how to learn” or “Learning Sets”. The "medal" is an example of a: This type of learning occurs when an already existing stimulus is. (c) 21. (a) 18. C) The stimuli of food, water, and sex are innately satisfying and require no learning. “If you do not like milk, you may not like all milk products like cheese butter, ghee and curd”. Chapter 4 Theories of Motivation 4.1 Multiple-Choice Questions When it comes to applying learning theory to the classroom, the most pressing problem for educators is: ... What schedule of reinforcement produces behavior that is very consistent over time and most resistant to extinction? The continuous reinforcement schedule is generally used: (d) In both last and first part of training. In programmed learning, the importance is placed on: 75. Who is regarded as the father of the ‘Programmed Learning’? Here the token chips had only a/an: 87. 30. Negative Transfer of Training is otherwise known as: 59. 25. Lewin’s field theory gives more importance to behaviour and motivation and less to: 80. Dollard and Miller related Thorndike’s spread of effect to the: 50. (c) 22. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. When learning in one situation influences learning in another situation, there is evidence of: 54. (a) 12. If learning in situation ‘A’ has a detrimental effect on learning in situation ‘B’, then we have: 56. (d) 60. Artificial Intelligence MCQ question is the important chapter for a … When node 6 is reached, we receive a reward of +10 and return to the start for a new episode. Removing question excerpt is a premium feature. (c) 64. 35. (a) 71. (c) 5. It is employed by various software and machines to find the best possible behavior or path it should take in a specific situation. 36. Multiple Choice This activity contains 15 questions. 23. 27. Who said that any act is a movement but not vice versa? Which schedule of reinforcement does not specify any fixed number, rather states the requirement in terms of an average? 3. Quiz questions will focus on operant conditioning and examples of lab experiments. A very useful principle of learning is that a new response is strengthened by: 7. Content Guidelines 2. (b) 23. The method we use in memorising poetry is called: 94. Why overfitting happens? (d) 91. The molar approach deals with the organism as a whole, the molecular approach: (e) Deals with the detailed, fine and exact elements of action of the nervous system. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. A Skinner box is most likely to be used in research on _______ conditioning. If pecking at key "A" results in reinforcement with a highly desirable reinforcer with a relative rate of reinforcement of 0.5,and pecking at key "B" occurs with a relative response rate of 0.2,you conclude A) there is a response bias for the reinforcer provided by key "B." (d)  11. (b) 41. The possibility of overfitting exists as the criteria used for training the … (b) 25. (a) 58. This is a practice Quiz for college-level students and learners about Learning and Conditioning. Random Forest - answer. According to Skinnerian theory, the “S” type of conditioning applies to: 43. 2016/2017 (a) 63. Please see test answers document for sol... View more. In real life, reinforcement of every response (CRF) is: (a) Of the nature of an exception rather than the rule. (b) 17. (a) 66. – Explained! 76. Who has first devised a machine for teaching in 1920? When someone does something according to the rules of nature, they are bound to get punished one way or another. TOS4. Guthrie’s theory of learning is known as the learning by: 82. Respondents are elicited and operants are not elicited but they are: 12. The greater the similarity between the stimuli of the first task and the second task: 72. 38. In Operant Conditioning, he strength of an operant response is usually measured in terms of the frequency of lever pressing: 93. (a) 24. So, let's try out the quiz. In one experiment, the chimpanzees were taught to insert poker chips in a vending machine in order to obtain grapes. (b) 92. Learning questions If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. 46. 77. You are absent from school for an afternoon. This activity contains 20 questions. (d) 100. c. not only speeds up learning, but it can also be used to teach very complex tasks. Classification. 28. a. psychoanalytic b. humanist c. social d. behaviourist; If we reinforce the desired response every time it occurs we are using: a. continuous reinforcement b. incremental reinforcement c. intermittent reinforcement d. contingent reinforcement 84. Start studying AP Psychology - Learning Multiple Choice Quiz #13. Whenever behaviour is not correlated to any specific eliciting stimuli, it is: 41. (c) 6. ... What two types of reinforcement did he propose to explain learning and the development of patterns of behaviour? (d) 26. After winning a few medals, he noticed that his friends looked up to him more and he became more popular. (a) 73. As a rule, variable ratio schedule (VR) arrangements sustain: 15. Share Your Essays.com is the home of thousands of essays published by experts like you! 67. In comparison with drive-reduction or need- reduction interpretation, stimulus intensity reduction theory has an added advantage in that: (a) It offers a unified account of primary and learned drives as also of primary and conditioned reinforcement, (b) It is very precise and placed importance on Trial and Error Learning, (c) It has some mathematical derivations which are conducive for learning theo­rists, (d) All learning theories can be explained through this. 19. Mowrer’s Sign learning comes close to Guthrie’s contiguity and his ‘solution learning’ corresponds to: 52. 9. These theorists believed that only _____ phenomena was suitable for scientific study. Multiple Choice This activity contains 16 questions. Current positive reinforcement requires the individual to imagine performing a particular task or behaviour followed by a: 5. (d) 84. Kurt Lewin regards the environment of the individual as his: 81. Multiple-Choice Quiz ... _____ conditioning is based on learning from the positive or negative consequences of an action. Take this assessment test on the basis of these principles and see how well you understand them. (c) 13. The great learning theorist, Clark Hull was influenced by the moderate wing of: (d) Logical Positivism and by conven­tionalism. (a) 47. (d) 44. When you return, you read the report left by your substitute. 31. Who defined “Need” as a state of the organism in which a deviation of the organism from the optimum of biological conditions necessary for survival takes place? (c) 94. Once you have answered the questions, click on 'Submit Answers for Grading' to get your results. We start at the bottom left node (1) and nish in the top right node (6). Learning to make new responses to identical or similar stimuli results in a: 70. Disclaimer Copyright. Course. (b) 79. (b) 15. According to Tolman, docile or teachable behaviour is: 42. (a) 78. According to the cognitive view of learning, _____ largely determines what learners pay attention to, perceive, learn, remember, and forget. (d) 61. (d) 82. “Equivalence Belief’ is a connection between” a positively cathected type of dis­turbance-object and a type of what may be called: 48. Who revealed that “Field expectancy” takes place when one organism is repeatedly and successfully presented with a certain environ­mental set-up? Hull believes that no conditioning will take place unless there is: 34. Who defined stimulus (S) in terms of physical energy such as mechanical pressure, sound, light etc.? Student "A" sees Student "B" get a gold star on his name tag for picking up trash in the hallway. Because the medal is associated with winning and praise from his friends, Bill begins to focus all his attention on winning medals. A)reinforcement and punishment B)positive reinforcement and punishment C)negative reinforcement and punishment D)positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement Multiple Choice Unlocking this quiz will decrease the balance by one, you will not be able to revert this action. 45. Who said that the ultimate goal of aversion is the state of physiological quiescence to be reached when the disturbing stimulus ceases to act upon the organism? Most of Hull’s explanations are stated in two languages, one of the empirical description and the other in: 37. 98. This will allow the students to review some basic concepts related to the theories of renowned psychologists like Ivan Pavlov, B. F. Skinner, Wolfgang Kohler and Thorndike. World’s Largest Collection of Essays! (a) 90. As an educator, one of the things you should have a good understanding of is the concept of operational conditioning, punishment, and reinforcement. a. Anomic b. Behavioristic c. Operant d. Optimal. ... All of the following are examples of negative reinforcement except : Punishment. Try the following multiple choice questions to test your knowledge of this chapter. (d) 56. (a) 40. For Skinner, the basic issue is how rein­forcement sustains and controls responding rather than: 83. Who said that the event-that is drive reducing is satisfying? As a result, Student "A" starts picking up trash in the hallway in hopes of also recieving a gold star. (c) 52. Chapter 4: Multiple choice questions ... Learning theories of personality developed from the earlier work of _____ such as Pavlov, _____ and _____. Regression. 26. Who propounded the expectancy theory of learning? Proactive Inhibition refers to the learning of ‘A’ having a detrimental effect on the learn­ing of ‘B’. When a thing acquires some characteristics of a reinforcer because of its consistent asso­ciation with the primary reinforcement, we call it a/an: 86. c) Represents learning through pairing of stimulus and response. Machine Learning Interview Questions: General Machine Learning Interest. B) there is a response bias for the reinforcer provided by key "A." d. generates many responses at first, but high response rates are not sustainable. In which method, the entire list is once exposed to ‘S’ and then he is asked to anticipate each item in the list before it is exposed on the memory drum? The hypothetico-deductive system in geo­metry was developed by: 39. (a) 81. Correct! (a) 89. 95. 53. These short objective type questions with answers are very important for Board exams as well as competitive exams. (e) 38. (b) 34. 250 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with Answers on “Psychology of Learning” for Psychology Students – Part 1: 1. B) Receiving reinforcement every time a person performs a good deed, continuous reinforcement, will increase the likelihood that the person will continue that behavior. A) behaviorist: B) innatist: C) cognitive: D) contextual: 2: Regardless of culture, children begin to learn language around the same time all over the world. (b) 7. Find and create gamified quizzes, lessons, presentations, and flashcards for students, employees, and everyone else. Multiple choice questions: Learning. Carvia Tech | September 10, 2019 | 4 min read | 117,792 views. Reinforcement learning is an area of machine learning in computer science, concerned with how an agent ought to take actions in an environment so as … These short solved questions or quizzes are provided by Gkseries. 10. 68. The study of learning is most closely associated with which school of psychology? Behaviour therapists believe that the respon­dent or classical conditioning is effective in dealing … 49. Experimental literature revealed that experi­ments on latent learning were done by: 97. November 28, 2020 . (a) 93. 71. Which schedule of reinforcement is a ratio schedule stating a ratio of responses to rein­forcements? (a) 98. In case of continuous reinforcement, we get the least resistance to extinction and the: (a) Highest response rate during training, (c) Smallest response rate during training. 14. (a) 50. 63. Mediation occurs when one member of an associated pair is linked to the other by means of: 58. This quiz and corresponding worksheet gauge your understanding of punishment and reinforcement in psychology. ... All of the following are true about learning through modeling except : Skills are learned by observing another person perform the skill. 92. Let’s see how you do on a practice question covering positive and negative reinforcement. Behaviour therapists believe that the respon­dent or classical conditioning is effective in dealing with the non-voluntary automatic behaviour, whereas the operant one is success­ful predominantly with motor and cognitive behaviours, Thus, unadaptive habits such as nail biting, trichotillomania, enuresis encopresis, thumb sucking etc. (b) 45. (c) 3. Reinforcement learning is an area of Machine Learning. (b) 4. The replacement of one conditioned response by the establishment of an incompatible response to the same conditioned stimulus is known as: 96. Both positive and negative transfers are largely the result of: (a) Similarity of responses in the first and the second task, (b) Dissimilarity of responses in the first and the second task, (c) Co-ordination of responses in the first and the second task, (d) Both similarity and dissimilarity of res­ponses in the first and the second task. The chimpanzees learned it too, because they were allowed to cash those chips for grapes afterwards. (a) 87. Learn Artificial Intelligence MCQ questions & answers are available for a Computer Science students to clear GATE exams, various technical interview, competitive examination, and another entrance exam. (d) 39. (a) 33. (b) 85. At about what age is this? So it is a: 99. Who has defined “perceptual learning” as “an increase in the ability to extract information from the environment as a result of expe­rience or practice with the stimulation coming from it.”? 11. (d) 99. (b) 72. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Essay. According to Skinnerian Operant conditioning theory, a negative reinforcement is: (c) A withdrawing or removal of a positive reinforcer. are satisfactorily dealt within the : 4. Privacy Policy3. The new items which are added to the original list in recognition method are known as: 69. Quiz & Worksheet Goals Quiz questions will revolve around examples of different types of reinforcement, including: (a) 8. Operant Conditioning: The learning of a specific behaviour or response because that behaviour has certain rewarding or punishing consequences. The expression “Contingencies of reinforce­ment” occurs frequently in: 22. Who illucidates the contiguity theory of rein­forcement in the most pronounced and con­sistent manner? Which theory of language development suggests that children learn appropriate sounds and words in reaction to their parents' reinforcement? Multiple Choice Questions This activity contains 24 questions. 79. Learning in Psychology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for competitive exams. Answers Mid-Course Test Reinforcement Learning Arti cial Intelligence Techniques (IN4010) December 21st, 2016 Assume we are an agent in a 3x2 gridworld, as shown in the below gure. multiple choice question machine learning . If learning in situation ‘A’ may favourably influence learning in situation ‘B’, then we have: 55. 13. 30 Questions to test a data scientist on Tree Based Models . Home » multiple choice question machine learning. (b) 59. When someone does something according to the rules of nature, they are bound to get punished one way or another. (d) 75. Reinforcing a given response only for some­time on trials is known as: 89. (d) 68 (d) 69. Taking away an unpleasant stimulus. (a) 53. Miller and Dollard are more concerned with: (c) Physiological and Social factors in learn ing. Which of the following is a widely used and effective machine learning algorithm based on the idea of bagging? 17. The general concept and process of forming definitions from examples of concepts to be learned. (d) 19. Which one of the following psychologists is not associated with the theories of learning? Partial Reinforcement is often called: 88. (c) 27. A. induction B. abduction C. Deduction D. conjunction E. … (a) 49. Materials like food for hungry animals or water for thirsty animals are called: 85. “Where a reaction (R) takes place in temporal contiguity with an afferent receptor impulse (S) resulting from the impact upon a receptor of a stimulus energy (S) and the conjunction is followed closely by the diminution in a need and the associated diminution in the drive, D, and in the drive receptor discharge, SD, there will result in increment, A (S →R), in the tendency for that stimulus on subsequent occasions to evoke that reaction”. (a) 88. (c) 80. (d) 16. Before publishing your Essay on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The right answers will serve as a testament to your commitment to being a lifelong learner in machine learning. Get started for free! In our daily life, any kind of looking for things which occur without any reference to our behaviour may illustrate the application of: 20. Once you have completed the test, click on 'Submit Answers' to get your results. This is an example of: Behavior Style Profile Quiz: Controller, Persuader, Stabilizer, Analyzer. (b) 37. According to Hullian theory, under the pressure of needs and drives, the organism undertakes: 33. In which schedule of reinforcement, the delay intervals vary as per a previously decided plan? Represents learning of specific behaviour through reward and reinforcement. Which type of learning tells us what to do with the world and applies to what is com­monly called habit formation? Whenever behaviour is correlated to specific eliciting stimuli, it is: 40. (d) 54. Most human habits are reinforced in a: 90. Publish your original essays now. Shifting from right-hand driving in (in U.S.A.) to a left-hand driving (in India) is an illus­tration of: (d) Both neutral and positive transfer of training. As an educator, one of the things you should have a good understanding of is the concept of operational conditioning, punishment, and reinforcement. In continuous reinforcement schedule (CRF), every appropriate response: 8. declarative knowledge: ... Reinforcement is seen as information. (b) 51. Fright is avoidance of injury and pugnacity is avoidance of: 47. (c) 77. (a) 30. Question: A social worker meets with a 16-year-old girl and her parents due to increasing parental-child conflicts. (d) 31. Mowerer’s two-factor theory takes into consideration the fact that: (a) Some conditioning do not require reward and some do, (b) Every conditioning requires reinforce­ment, (c) The organism learns to make a response to a specific stimulus, (d) Learning is purposive and goal-oriented. Punishment is effective only when it wea­kens: 66. A high positive transfer results when stimuli are similar and responses are: 73. In our daily life, watching for the pot of milk to boil may be somewhat similar to the behaviour pattern observed in: 18. (b) 57. This series of machine learning interview questions attempts to gauge your passion and interest in machine learning. In which schedule of reinforcement, the experimenter (E) reinforces the first correct response after a given length of dine? (d) 65. Guthrie believed that conditioning should take place: 29. When this was done, they were made to pull, with all their strength, an iron bar attached to a similar machine to obtain poker chips. According to Guthrie, forgetting is not a matter of decay of old impressions and associations but: (a) A result of inhibition of old connections by new ones, (b) A result of disinhibitions of old connec­tions, (c) A result of generalizations of stimuli. Useful Notes on Section 26 of the Indian Penal Code – Reason to believe, Psychology Question Bank – 250 MCQs on "Psychology of Learning" – Part 2, Essay on Leadership: Introduction, Functions, Types, Features and Importance. Try the multiple choice questions below to test your knowledge of this Chapter. The sign-gestalt expectation represents a combination of: 44. Who stated that appetites and aversions are “states of agitation”? It is about taking suitable action to maximize reward in a particular situation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 51. (b) 9. University. Which type of learning experiments show how the behaviour of animals can be controlled or shaped in a desired direction by making a careful use of reinforcement? (a) 20. Positive transfer of training is possible with: 65. According to Hull, a systematic behaviour or learning theory can be possible by happy amalgamation of the technique of condi­tioning and the: 62. 32. It is possible to maximize a positive transfer from a class room situation to real life situation by making formal education more realistic or closely connected with: 74. Chapter 6: Memory and learning: Multiple choice questions: Multiple choice questions. d) Represents learning through using repetitive stimuli.