View Show abstract Both practiced and non-practiced simulations will still have notable shortcomings. Types Edit Existential forgery Edit. Forgery involves a false document, signature, or other imitation of an object of value used with the intent to deceive another. Aged or infirmed writers will frequently display similar patterns. Existential forgery is the creation (by an adversary) of any message/signature pair $(m, \sigma)$, where $\sigma$ was not produced by the legitimate signer. Since each person’s handwriting and handprinting habits are unique, it can be established whether someone wrote a certain word, initials, signature or document. This is because we know they are genuine, even if the first letter was a bit off. Although letter forms (especially the more prominent, large or beginning letters) may almost duplicate the genuine letters, proportions and height ratios will seldom be correct. There is no attempt made to duplicate or make the forgery look like a genuine signature. The limited quantity of these characteristics which appear on those occasions is such that identification of the author rarely occurs. Signatures. Handwriting Forgery. Forgery of Court Documents: This involves knowingly signing the name of another without consent on a court document with the intent to mislead the court. Many people are familiar with the term forgery, as in they have heard it used before and may have even seen it referenced on TV or in a movie. (Tracing). Completely Different Signature.The signature on the will is completely different than any verified signature of the decedent. 13 types of signatures you must avoid. New Schedule:7 & 9 December 2020Monday & WednesdaySeminar Objective:To develop certain level of awareness among participants on the various types of documents being falsified by fraudsters and their methodologies, and the visible characteristics of genuine and falsified signatures, as well as learning the process and effective methods on signature comparison. The forger naturally puts his greatest effort into those parts of the name that he expects to fall under the greatest scrutiny. Forgery involves a false document, signature, or other imitation of an object of value used with the intent to deceive another. On rare occasions, an innovative form of spurious signature may be encountered that can best be equated with a tracing, but in actuality differs from the conventional concepts of tracing because of its method of production. Counterfeiting. This “not right” feeling is usually produced by a number of red flags: 1. With this type of forgery, an examiner cannot positively identify a signature as genuine without having the Original for comparison. Infrequently, but at one time or another, most of us have made an error while writing our own signature. This does not presuppose however, that the placement of an inked thumbprint next to a maker’s signature on a check, about to be negotiated at a check cashing counter in a grocery store, would not be a help. Speed lends fluidity to writing. This attention by the writer to changing prominent features usually does not carry over to the small and seemingly less significant letter formations that are found within the interior of the disputed signature. Types of forgery Archaeological forgery. Occasionally, an individual will sign a document with the specific intention of denying the signature at a later time. The quality of a simulation depends on how much the forger practices before attempting the actual forgery, the ability of the forger, and the forger’s attention to detail in simulating the signature. While the simulated signature will readily fail the test for genuineness when examined by a competent forensic document examiner, the forger is rarely, if ever, associated with the forgery. The development, and examination, of a personal signature follows almost all of the concepts relating to handwriting. Right-handed writers would tend to have the ghost image to the right of the letter formations, while left-handed individuals will likely produce the ghost image on the left side.